Code of Ethics
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The Mississippi Standards of Practice and Code of Ethics is adopted from the American Society of Home Inspectors (ASHI) Standards of Practice and Code of Ethics. The Mississippi Home Inspector Regulatory Board gratefully acknowledges ASHIs consent.
Effective October 15, 2006 (ASHI)
Standards of Practice 1. INTRODUCTION
The American Society of Home Inspectors (ASHI) is a not-for-profit professional society established in 1976. Membership in ASHI is voluntary and its members are private home inspectors. ASHIs objectives include promotion of excellence within the profession and continual improvement of its members inspection services to the public.
2. PURPOSE AND SCOPE
- 2.1 The purpose of the Standards of Practice is to establish a minimum and uniform standard for home inspectors who subscribe to these Standards of Practice. Home inspections performed to these Standards of Practice are intended to provide the client with objective information regarding the condition of the systems and components of the home as inspected at the time of the home inspection. Redundancy in the description of the requirements, limitations, and exclusions regarding the scope of the home inspection is provided for emphasis only.
- 2.2 Inspectors shall:
- adhere to the Code of Ethics of the American Society of Home Inspectors.
- inspect readily accessible, visually observable, installed systems and components listed in these Standards of Practice.
2. recommendations to correct, or monitor for future correction, the deficiencies reported in 2.2.C.1, or items needing further evaluation. (Per Exclusion 13.2.A.5 inspectors are NOT required to determine methods, materials, or costs of corrections.)
3. reasoning or explanation as to the nature of the deficiencies reported in 2.2.C.1, that are not self-evident.
4. systems and components designated for inspection in these Standards of Practice that were present at the time of the home inspection but were not inspected and the reason(s) they were not inspected.
B. designing or specifying repairs, provided the inspector is appropriately qualified and willing to do so.
C. excluding systems and components from the inspection if requested by the client.
by probing a representative number of structural components where
deterioration is suspected or where clear indications of possible deterioration exist. Probing is NOT required when probing would damage any finished surface or where no deterioration is visible or presumed to exist.
the methods used to inspect under-floor crawl spaces and attics. the foundation.
the floor structure. the wall structure. the ceiling structure. the roof structure.
- provide any engineering or architectural services or analysis.
- offer an opinion as to the adequacy of any structural system or component.
4.1 The inspector shall:
all exterior doors.
attached or adjacent decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and
their associated railings.
eaves, soffits, and fascias where accessible from the ground level.
vegetation, grading, surface drainage, and retaining walls that are likely to adversely affect the building.
adjacent or entryway walkways, patios, and driveways.
- screening, shutters, awnings, and similar seasonal accessories.
- geological and/or soil conditions.
- recreational facilities.
- outbuildings other than garages and carports.
- seawalls, break-walls, and docks.
- erosion control and earth stabilization measures.
5.1 The inspector shall:
2. 3. 4.
roof drainage systems.
skylights, chimneys, and roof penetrations.
- roofing materials.
- methods used to inspect the roofing.
5.2 The inspector is NOT required to inspect:
- interiors of flues or chimneys that are not readily accessible.
- other installed accessories.
6.1 The inspector shall:
- determine:1. whether water supply and waste disposal systems are public or private.
2. water supply quantity or quality.
- operate automatic safety controls or manual stop valves.
7.1 The inspector shall:
- inspect: 1.
drain, waste, and vent systems including all fixtures.
water heating equipment and hot water supply system.
vent systems, flues, and chimneys.
fuel storage and fuel distribution systems. drainage sumps, sump pumps, and related piping.
water supply, drain, waste, and vent piping materials. water heating equipment including energy source(s). location of main water and fuel shut-off valves.
service entrance conductors, cables, and raceways.
service equipment and main disconnects.
interior components of service panels and sub panels. conductors.
over current protection devices.
interiors of flues or chimneys that are not readily
wells, well pumps, or water storage related equipment.
water conditioning systems. solar water heating systems.
fire and lawn sprinkler systems. private waste disposal systems.
ground fault circuit interrupters.
amperage and voltage rating of the service.
location of main disconnect(s) and sub panels. presence of solid conductor aluminum branch circuit wiring.
presence or absence of smoke detectors. wiring methods.
- 8.1 The Inspector shall:
- open readily openable access panels.
- installed heating equipment.
- vent systems, flues, and chimneys.
- energy source(s).
- heating systems
- 8.2 The Inspector is NOT required to:
- interiors of flues or chimneys that are not readilyaccessible.
- heat exchangers.
- humidifiers or dehumidifiers.
- electronic air filters.
- solar space hearing systems.
- determine heat supply adequacy or distribution balance.
9.1 The inspector shall:
- open readily openable access panels.
- central and through-wall equipment
- distribution systems.
- energy source(s).
- cooling systems.
alarm systems and components.
low voltage wiring systems and components.
ancillary wiring systems and components. not a part of the
- inspect electronic air filters
- determine cooling supply adequacy or distribution balance.
- inspect window air conditioning units.
- 10.1 The inspector shall inspect:
- walls, ceilings, and floors.
- steps, stairways, and railings.
- countertops and a representative number of installed cabinets.
- a representative number of doors and windows.
- garage doors and garage door operators.
- 10.2 The inspector is NOT required to inspect:
- paint, wallpaper, and other finish treatments.
- window treatments.
- central vacuum systems.
- household appliances.
- recreational facilities.
INSULATION & VENTILATION 11.1 The inspector shall:
ventilation of attics and foundation areas. mechanical ventilation systems.
insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished spaces. absence of insulation in unfinished spaces at conditioned surfaces.
See 13.2.A.11 and 13.2.A.12.
fireplaces and solid fuel burning appliances. chimneys.
firescreens and doors.
seals and gaskets. automatic fuel feed devices.
mantles and fireplace surrounds.
combustion make-up air devices.
heat distribution assists (gravity fed and fan assisted).
- ignite or extinguish fires.
- determine draft characteristics.
- move fireplace inserts and stoves or firebox contents.
A. Inspectors are NOT required to determine:
Inspections performed in accordance with these Standards of Practice:
1. are not technically exhaustive.
2. are not required to identify concealed. conditions, latent defects, or
strength, adequacy, effectiveness, or efficiency of any system or component.
the causes of any condition or deficiency.
methods, materials, or costs of corrections.
future conditions including but not limited to failure of systems and
the suitability of the property for any specialized use.
compliance with regulatory requirements (codes, regulations, laws,
market value of the property or its marketability.
the advisability of purchase of the property.
the presence of potentially hazardous plants or animals including, but not limited to, wood destroying organisms or diseases harmful to
the presence of any environmental hazards including, but not limited
to, toxins, carcinogens, noise, and contaminants in soil, water, and air.
the effectiveness of any system installed or method utilized to control or remove suspected hazardous substances.
operating costs of systems or components.
acoustical properties of any system or component.
soil conditions relating to geotechnical or hydrologic specialties.
Inspectors are NOT required to offer:
or perform engineering services.
or perform any trade or any professional. service other than home
warranties or guarantees of any kind.
shut-off valves or manual stop valves.
1. any area that will, in the opinion of the inspector, likely be dangerous to the inspector or other persons or damage the property or its systems or components.
2. under-floor crawl spaces or attics that are not readily accessible.
Inspectors are NOT required to inspect:
- underground items including but not limited to underground storage tanks or other underground indications of their presence, whether abandoned or active.
- items that are not installed.
- installed decorative items.
- items in areas that are not entered in accordance with 13.2.D.
- detached structures other than garages and carports.
- common elements or common areas in multi-unit housing, such ascondominium properties or cooperative housing.
Inspectors are NOT required to:
describe or report on any system or component that is not included in these Standards and was not inspected.
move personal property, furniture, equipment, plants, soil, snow, ice, or debris.
dismantle any system or component, except as explicitly required by these Standards of Practice.
Warning devices installed or freestanding including but not limited to smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors, flue gas, and other spillage detectors, and security equipment
Automatic Safety Controls
Devices designed and installed to protect systems and components from unsafe conditions
A part of a system
Ornamental; not required for the proper operation of the essential systems and components of a home
To identify (in writing) a system or component by its type or other distinguishing characteristics
To take apart or remove any component, device, or piece of equipment that would not be taken apart or removed by a homeowner in the course of normal maintenance
The application of scientific knowledge for the design, control, or use of building structures, equipment, or apparatus
Examination and analysis by a qualified professional, tradesman, or service technician beyond that provided by the home inspection
The process by which an inspector visually examines the readily accessible systems and components of a home and which describes those systems and components in accordance with these Standards of Practice
Kitchen, laundry, and similar appliances, whether installed or free-standing
To examine any system or component of a building in accordance with these Standards of Practice, using normal operating controls and opening readily openable access panels
A person hired to examine any system or component of a building in accordance with these Standards of Practice
Attached such that removal requires tools
Normal Operating Controls
Devices such as thermostats, switches, or valves intended to be operated by the homeowner
Available for visual inspection without requiring moving of personal property, dismantling, destructive measures, or any action that will likely involve risk to persons or property
Readily Openable Access Panel
A panel provided for homeowner inspection and maintenance that is readily accessible, within normal reach, can be removed by one person, and is not sealed in place
Spas, saunas, steam baths, swimming pools, exercise, entertainment, athletic, playground or other similar equipment, and associated accessories
Communicate in writing
One component per room for multiple similar interior components such as windows, and electric receptacles; one component on each side of the building for multiple similar exterior components
Roof Drainage Systems
Components used to carry water off a roof and away from a building
A state in which a system or component cannot be operated by normal operating controls
Exterior wall covering and cladding; such as: aluminum, asphalt, brick, cement/asbestos, EIFS, stone, stucco, veneer, vinyl, wood, etc.
Solid Fuel Burning Appliances
A hearth and fire chamber or similar prepared place in which a fire may be built and that is built in conjunction with a chimney; or a listed assembly of a fire chamber, its chimney, and related factory-made parts designed for unit assembly without requiring field construction
A component that supports non-variable forces or weights (dead loads) and variable forces or weights (live loads)
A combination of interacting or interdependent components, assembled to carry out one or more functions.
An investigation that involves dismantling, the extensive use of advanced techniques, measurements, instruments, testing, calculations, or other means
Under-floor Crawl Space
The area within the confines of the foundation and between the ground and the underside of the floor
A condition in a readily accessible, installed system or component that is judged to be a significant risk of bodily injury during normal, day-to-day use; the risk may be due to damage, deterioration, improper installation, or a change in accepted residential construction standards
Identification of electrical conductors or wires by their general type, such as non-metallic sheathed cable, armored cable, or knob and tube, etc.
ntegrity, honesty, and objectivity are fundamental principles embodied by this Code, which sets forth obligations of ethical conduct for the home inspection profession. The Membership of ASHI has adopted this Code to provide high ethical standards to safeguard the public and the profession. Inspectors shall comply with this Code, shall avoid association with any enterprise whose practices violate this Code, and shall strive to uphold, maintain, and improve the integrity, reputation, and practice of the home inspection profession.
1. Inspectors shall avoid conflicts of interest or activities that compromise, or appear to compromise, professional independence, objectivity, or inspection integrity.
- Inspectorsshallnotinspectpropertiesforcompensationinwhichtheyhave,orexpecttohave,afinancial interest.
- Inspectors shall not inspect properties under contingent arrangements whereby any compensation or future referrals are dependent on reported findings or on the sale of a property.
- Inspectors shall not directly or indirectly compensate realty agents, or other parties having a financial interest in closing or settlement of real estate transactions, for the referral of inspections or for inclusion on a list of recommended inspectors, preferred providers, or similar arrangements.
- Inspectors shall not receive compensation for an inspection from more than one party unless agreed to by the client(s).
- Inspectors shall not accept compensation, directly or indirectly, for recommending contractors, services, or products to inspection clients or other parties having an interest in inspected properties.
- Inspectors shall not repair, replace, or upgrade, for compensation, systems or components covered by ASHI Standards of Practice, for one year after the inspection.
Inspectors shall act in good faith toward each client and other interested parties.
- Inspectors shall perform services and express opinions based on genuine conviction and only within their areas of education, training, or experience.
- Inspectors shall be objective in their reporting and not knowingly understate or overstate the significance of reported conditions.
- Inspectors shall not disclose inspection results or client information without client approval. Inspectors, at their discretion, may disclose observed immediate safety hazards to occupants exposed to such hazards, when feasible.
Inspectors shall avoid activities that may harm the public, discredit themselves, or reduce public confidence in the profession.
- Advertising, marketing, and promotion of inspectors services or qualifications shall not be fraudulent, false, deceptive, or misleading.
- Inspectors shall report substantive and willful violations of this Code to the Society.